खाद्य, पोषण और जनसंख्या स्वास्थ्य जर्नल खुला एक्सेस


Evaluation of Hyper-lipidemia and Some Related Factors in Employees of a Petrochemical Industry in Assaluyeh

Seyede Sedighe Hashemi

Introduction: In order to evaluate the status of serum fat profile and its related factors in male employees working in a petrochemical industry in Pars Energy Special Economic Zone, during a cross-sectional study, anthropometric and metabolic parameters of 360 of these workers were identified.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 360 male employees of a petrochemical industry in the South Pars Special Energy Economic Zone in Assaluyeh were studied in terms of metabolic and anthropometric criteria.

Results: The prevalence of elevated total cholesterol (≤ 200 mg / dl), triglyceride (≤ 200 mg / dl) and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) ( ≤ 130 mg / dl) were 16.48% and 15.36%, respectively. And 18.5% and the prevalence of cholesterol deficiency with high density lipoprotein (HDL) (>40 dl / mg) was 13.1%. An increase in body mass index (mass 25 m 2 / kg) was observed in 61.3% of workers. Obesity and weight gain based on body mass index were more than normal in 60.61% of people. There was a direct and significant relationship between increased cholesterol and increased triglyceride with increased body mass index (p=0.001 and p=0.0001, respectively). Also, there was a direct relationship between increased cholesterol and increased triglyceride and increased waist circumference. This relationship was significant for increasing cholesterol (p=0.02 and p=0.06, respectively). Increasing lowdensity cholesterol was also directly and significantly related to increasing waist circumference (P = 0.04). Glucose was observed in 4.75% of workers. Diabetes was directly and significantly associated with increased cholesterol and decreased cholesterol with high-density lipoprotein (p=0.04 and p<0.05, respectively). 57.4% of the subjects were sedentary. With increasing physical activity, a decreasing trend in blood sugar and cholesterol concentration was observed (p=0.1 and p=0.08, respectively). Prevalence of overweight, visceral obesity, increased diastolic blood pressure, diabetes and smoking in more operational workers. But there was no difference between the two operational and administrative groups in terms of serum lipid status and level of physical activity.

Conclusion: The high prevalence of dyslipidemia and other cardiovascular risk factors in the employees of the petrochemical industry under study emphasizes the need for targeted cardiovascular preventive measures in the employees of the petrochemical industry.